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Hotan Travel Guide

Hotan (Hetian),Located at the northern foot of the Karakorgan Range and on the southern fringe of the Taxkorgan Desert, Hotan is an oasis lying in the Tarim Basin, just north of the Kunlun Mountains, which are crossed by the Sanju Pass, and the Hindu-tagh, and Ilchi passes.As a bustling center on the southern stretch of the ancient Silk Road, Hotan was one of the three thriving commercial centers in the history of Xinjiang. The ruins of many historical cultural sites still stand in desert in today's 'silk capital' Hotan, as a reminder of their brilliant past. In the main these are: Ancient City of Niya, Ancient City of Mallikurwatur, Ancient City of Yoktan. The Hetian Museum has a fine collection of cultural relics.

The oasis of Hotan is strategically located at the junction of the southern (and most ancient) branch of the famous “Silk Road” joining China and the West with one of the main routes from ancient Pakistan and Tibet to Central Asia and distant China. It provided a convenient meeting place where not only goods, but technologies, philosophies, and religions were transmitted from one culture to another.The region has a temperate continental arid climate with great difference in temperature between day and night. While Hetian enjoys between 2,500 to 3,500 hours of sunshine each year, the amount of annual precipitation for the entire prefecture averages a mere 150 millimeters (5.9 inches), thus the air is quite dry.There is no railway line passing through Hetian. You can reach Hotan easily with daily flights from Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang. Or travel on quality new sealed asphalt highways from Kashgar, Aksu, Korla and Urumqi.

The Hetian Museum - The Hetian Museum was built in 1995. It contains over 9000 cultural relics; most of which were discovered by archaeologists after 1949, with a few donated by the locals. It has a floor space of more than 3,400 square metres. Its exhibits include textile technology, pottery, paintings and Buddhist culture.

Melikawat Ruins - Melikawat is the ruins of an ancient and enormous Buddhist monastery located about 28 km south of central Hotan. Because the monastery was built along the Yorungkash River, most of the site has been buried in several meters of silt over more than a thousand years. Only a few eroding remnants of the tallest buildings emerge above the plain.







Hotan Guide
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Hotan Interesting
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Niya Ancient City | Mallikurwatur Ancient City | Hotan Museum | Amannishahan Tomb | Hotan Jade | Silk Village
Karakoram Range